Some people with type 2 diabetes can achieve their target blood glucose levels with diet and exercise alone, but many also need diabetes medications.
Most medications for type 2 diabetes are oral medications. Some come as injections, including insulin.
People with type 2 diabetes are often treated with oral medications. Some people with type 2 diabetes need insulin therapy. In the past, insulin therapy was used as a last resort, but today it is often prescribed sooner because of its benefits.
The classes of oral medications used to treat type 2 diabetes include: metformin, sulphonylureas, SGLT2 inhibitors, DPP-4 inhibitors, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, and thiazolidinediones (TZD). The types of injections used to treat type 2 diabetes include GLP-1 receptor agonists, and insulin.
Besides taking medications aimed at achieving target blood glucose levels, it is also important to maintain a healthy blood pressure and blood cholesterol. Medications may be required to do this.
People with diabetes should undergo a yearly eye and foot screening. This will allow eye and foot problems to be detected and treated early.
Subscribe to our mailing list to get the updates to your email inbox...