Macula holes may be treated with a vitrectomy, a form of keyhole surgery that uses small probes to enter inside the eye to remove the vitreous. A gas is then injected into the eye to replace the vitreous and prevent it from pulling on the retina.
Following surgery, the patient will need to lie in a face-down position for one to two days to allow the gas bubble to press against the retina to smooth it out. The eye will refill naturally with fluid.
The success of relieving vitreomacular traction ranges from 80% to 90%. The surgery also helps to improve the symptoms of blurred or distorted vision and may help to prevent the deterioration of vision.
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